Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Deductive Essay Samples Guide One of the absolute most important characteristics of the essay is the support offered to draw conclusions. This kind of essay is based on several circumstances having to do with the subject, and various clues. As it progresses, a deductive essay indicates the most reasonable and logical conclusion that may be reached on the grounds of the info provided. What's more, you ought not overlook the value of deductive logic. The Honest to Goodness Truth on Deductive Essay Samples As you're working on your deductive essay, your principal goal is going to be to use deductive reasoning and deal with an issue that is related to your readers. Hence, it's required to have a very clear mind, together with a very clear comprehension of the subject to finish the project with a great outcome. Employing the illustration of animals, you might mention in the conclusion that individuals ought to take care of pandas. The initial one is the premise, which is among the very important elements that can help you in moving on with your task. Accordingly, so as to know how to compose a deductive essay, you have to first have a good comprehension of the deductive reasoning procedure. Quite simply, deductive reasoning is truly little more than making assessments of a particular situation based on knowledge you have it's frequently utilized in detective stories, as an example, and by detectives in actual life, for that issue. It is not that alien, despite the fact that a person may not recognize it. Also, keep in mind that deductive and abductive reasoning are different thing. Deductive arguments have many diverse forms. If there's a logical argument that's inductive it is known as cogent. Deductive reasoning is the basis of the scientific method. In each case, the inductive reasoning might be true. Of course, if it's the case that you're working on an inductive instead of deductive essay, then you might not need to be concerned about the truthfulness of your assumptions. A lot of people often confuse inductive an d deductive reasoning, which might result in receiving a bad grade for the essay. In the same style, you can learn new procedures of argumentation. Deductive reasoning takes place when a student is given with a set of items or circumstances whereby a student is subsequently required to draw forth a fair assumption concerning the list of circumstances provided. Deductive essays are designed in order to rate the knowledge level of students. A deductive essay examines the idea of a given set of circumstances and the way the student might deduce reasonable assumptions from them. Completely free Deductive essay samples are offered on FreeEssayHelp with no payment or registration. In many scenarios, a deductive essay could have various prospective conclusions. So as to write a great essay, you will need to check through deductive essay topics and choose one. Moreover, to compose an excellent deductive essay, you should choose one of the best deductive essay topics. Your text needs to be readable and well-structured. It isn't so simple to choose among deductive essay topics, and you should keep in mind that it should be interesting to you and to the audience. From time to time, you can want to base your deductive essay on more than 1 premise. It is impossible to compose a superior deductive essay if you don't own a premise upon which to found your work. When you're writing a deductive essay, the conclusion is the most essential part. You won't ever manage to create a brilliant deductive essay if you don't have a premise. Thus, if you're excited about buying best reflective essays, there isn't any greater place for it than Pro-Papers! If you are fighting to compose a paper, then there's always a choice to think about. The Downside Risk of Deductive Essay Samples In situations like this it is necessary to opt for the very best possible reason to mention in the conclusion. Because the conclusions are based off the premises and among the premises isn't true, it follows that the conclusion isn't true, though it is valid. For that reason, it's immensely important to learn to distinguish the kinds of reasoning to create proper and corr ect assumptions or conclusions based on an initial assignment. Deductive reasoning is a kind of logic where general statements, or premises, are utilised to form a particular conclusion. If you assume that the premise (first statement) is accurate, then it's possible to deduce different things that must be true. Deductive reasoning, or deduction, is among both primary kinds of logical inference. An argument contributes to a conclusion led by means of a premise or premises. It needs to be checked if the premises are true or reasonable to believe, and if the statements are clear.
Friday, May 15, 2020
Entropy is an important concept in physics and chemistry, plus it can be applied to other disciplines, including cosmology and economics. In physics, it is part of thermodynamics. In chemistry, it is a core concept in physical chemistry. Key Takeaways: Entropy Entropy is a measure of the randomness or disorder of a system.The value of entropy depends on the mass of a system. It is denoted by the letter S and has units of joules per kelvin.Entropy can have a positive or negative value. According to the second law of thermodynamics, the entropy of a system can only decrease if the entropy of another system increases. Entropy Definition Entropy is the measure of the disorder of a system. It is an extensive property of a thermodynamic system, which means its value changes depending on the amount of matter that is present. In equations, entropy is usually denoted by the letter S and has units of joules per kelvin (JÃ¢â¹â¦KÃ¢Ëâ1) or kgÃ¢â¹â¦m2Ã¢â¹â¦sÃ¢Ëâ2Ã¢â¹â¦KÃ¢Ëâ1. A highly ordered system has low entropy. Entropy Equation and Calculation There are multiple ways to calculate entropy, but the two most common equations are for reversible thermodynamic processes and isothermal (constant temperature) processes. Entropy of a Reversible Process Certain assumptions are made when calculating the entropy of a reversible process. Probably the most important assumption is that each configuration within the process is equally probable (which it may not actually be). Given equal probability of outcomes, entropy equals Boltzmanns constant (kB) multiplied by the natural logarithm of the number of possible states (W): S kB ln W Boltzmanns constant is 1.38065 Ãâ" 10Ã¢Ëâ23Ã J/K. Entropy of an Isothermal Process Calculus may be used to find the integral of dQ/T from the initial state to final state, where Q is heat and T is the absolute (Kelvin) temperature of a system. Another way to state this is that the change in entropy (ÃâS) equals the change in heat (ÃâQ) divided by the absolute temperature (T): ÃâS ÃâQ / T Entropy and Internal Energy In physical chemistry and thermodynamics, one of the most useful equations relates entropy to the internal energy (U) of a system: dU T dS - p dV Here, the change in internal energy dU equals absolute temperature T multiplied by the change in entropy minus external pressure p and the change in volume V. Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics The second law of thermodynamics states the total entropy of a closed system cannot decrease. However, within a system, entropy of one system can decrease by raising entropy of another system. Entropy and Heat Death of the Universe Some scientists predict the entropy of the universe will increase to the point where the randomness creates a system incapable of useful work. When only thermal energy remains, the universe would be said to have died of heat death. However, other scientists dispute the theory of heat death. Some say the universe as a system moves further away from entropy even as areas within it increase in entropy. Others consider the universe as part of a larger system. Still others say the possible states do not have equal likelihood, so ordinary equations to calculate entropy do not hold valid. Example of Entropy A block of ice will increase in entropy as it melts. Its easy to visualize the increase in the disorder of the system. Ice consists of water molecules bonded to each other in a crystal lattice. As ice melts, molecules gain more energy, spread further apart, and lose structure to form a liquid. Similarly, the phase change from a liquid to a gas, as from water to steam, increases the energy of the system. On the flip side, energy can decrease. This occurs as steam changes phase into water or as water changes to ice. The second law of thermodynamics is not violated because the matter is not in a closed system. While the entropy of the system being studied may decrease, that of the environment increases. Entropy and Time Entropy is often called the arrow of time because matter in isolated systems tends to move from order to disorder. Sources Atkins, Peter; Julio De Paula (2006). Physical Chemistry (8th ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-870072-2.Chang, Raymond (1998). Chemistry (6th ed.). New York: McGraw Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-115221-1.Clausius, Rudolf (1850). On the Motive Power of Heat, and on the Laws which can be deduced from it for the Theory of Heat. Poggendorffs Annalen der Physick, LXXIX (Dover Reprint). ISBN 978-0-486-59065-3.Landsberg, P.T. (1984). Can Entropy and Order Increase Together?. Physics Letters. 102A (4): 171Ã¢â¬â173. doi:10.1016/0375-9601(84)90934-4Watson, J.R.; Carson, E.M. (May 2002). Undergraduate students understandings of entropy and Gibbs free energy. University Chemistry Education. 6 (1): 4. ISSN 1369-5614
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Accounting Standard (AS) 2 Inventories constitute a major portion of current assets of an entity. A primary issue in accounting for inventories is the amount of cost to be recognized as an asset and carried forward until the related revenues are recognized. Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 2, Inventories, prescribes the accounting treatment for inventories, such as, determination of cost and its subsequent recognition as expense, including any write-downs of inventories to net realizable value and reversal of write-downs. Scope Ind AS 2 applies to all inventories, except: (a) work in progress arising under construction contracts, including directly related service contracts; (b) financial instruments (c) biological assets (i.e., living animals or plants) related to agricultural activity and agricultural produce at the point of harvest. This Standard does not apply to the measurement of inventories held by: (a) producers of agricultural and forest products, agricultural produce after harvest, and minerals and mineral products, to the extent they are measured at net realizable value in accordance with well-established practices in those industries. When such inventories are measured at net realizable value, changes in that value are recognized in profit or loss in the period of the change. (b) commodity broker-traders who measure their inventories at fair value less costs to sell. When such inventories are measured at fair value less costs to sell, changesShow MoreRelatedAccounting Standard Of Australian Accounting Standards1140 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesin there financial statements of their company. Australia Accounting Standard Board publish some new accounting standard related to the RDR implementing to review the differential reporting framework. These standards made on 30 June 2010 and implement on or after 1 July 2013. These new standards are:- Ã¢â¬ ¢ AASB 1053 Application of Tiers of Australian Accounting Standards (PDF); and Ã¢â¬ ¢ AASB 2010-2 Amendment to Australian Accounting Standards arising from Reduced Disclosure Requirements. DifferentialRead MoreThe Standards Of Accounting Standards830 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAccounting standard set has become debatable topics in regards its function in real business. The standards of accounting have been developed throughout years and many countries has applied different accounting standard. However, as business world has become interconnected, there is an urged in need to have one stand-alone of accounting standards that could use worldwide. Therefore, many countries developed convergence of their accounting standard into International Financial reporting standard (IFRS)Read MoreInternational Accounting Standards : Standards1365 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesInternational Accounting Standards What are International Accounting Standards? The International Accounting Standards or IASC are accounting standards issued by the International Accounting Standards Board or IASB and its predecessor, the International Accounting Standards Committee or IASC. The International Accounting standards were started in 1966 after a proposal that was presented to create an International Study group that included the Institute of Chartered Accountants of England and WalesRead MoreAccounting Analysis On Accounting Standards1911 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesfocussed on the topic related to Accounting theory concept in general. There are two articles to elucidate, first article is on Accounting Standards conceptual framework, which is further discussed in detail about the qualitative characteristics of Conceptual framework. Second article is about Positive Accounting Theory, where we discuss about Accounting theories. A) Article One: 1) Australian Accounting Standard Board (AASB) AASB - Australian Accounting Standards Board Body charged with developingRead MoreUs Accounting Standards vs. International Accounting Standards1742 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesUnited States Accounting Standards vs International Accounting Standards June 21, 2009 Introduction This research project will inform the reader of the difference between the United States accounting standards and International accounting standards. The United States uses the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) to issue financial reporting procedures. The International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB).Read MoreInternational Accounting Standards1317 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesInternational Accounting Standards What is the International Accounting Standards Board? This paper will give a brief overview on the history of the International Accounting Standards, starting with the role of the IASC Foundation, the structure of the IASB and the number of accounting standards currently published. Next, it will explain the steps in creating an international accounting standard in accordance with due process and it will show the mailing address and phone number. Lastly, there willRead MoreAccounting Standards Essay1364 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof accounting standards that accurately represents all of their financial activity in a manner that is useful to concerned parties. To resolve these discrepancies three separate standard setting bodies have been tasked with developing Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) for these different organizations: The Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board (FASAB) for federal accounting, the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB) for SLG, and the Fi nancial Accounting Standards BoardRead MoreThe Need for Accounting Standards3286 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesWhat would financial statements look like if there were no accounting standards?Ã¢â¬ Accounting standards are a set of principle that govern current accounting practice and are used as a reference to determine the appropriate treatment of complex transactions. Having financial statements in the same format allow them to be compared and in this essay we shall discuss how the accounting standards came about, and why it continues to exist until this very day, as the format of such practice has changedRead MoreFinancial Accounting Standards903 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFASB IFRS Financial Accounting Standards The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) has been around since 1973 and their organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s duty and task is to set and provide effective and reliable financial accounting standards in the United States. The Financial Accounting Standards Board is also a private sector and is a not for profit organization, also recognized as U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and The American InstituteRead MoreUniversal Accounting Standards954 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesUniversal Accounting Standards Issue The internationalization of business activities has increased exponentially over the past 3 decades. Because the accounting standards and practices of different countries have developed in response to diverse environments, accounting has developed with strong national accents . As a result, multinationals with branches and investments in a wide array of countries find it difficult to achieve a consolidated financial report. Further, investors in these multinationals
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. Answer: Introduction: Cardiovascular system of the body is complex framework consisting of heart, blood vessels and blood. Heart here pumps the blood throughout the body, which is circulated via the blood vessels. The blood vessels can have further subdivision, arteries, veins and capillaries. Arteries transport the blood away from the heart. Veins has opposite functions with-respect to arteries, it transport the blood towards the heart from different parts of the body. Capillaries are regarded as the connection between the arteries and the veins. They can also be termed as small blood vessels (Stanfield, 2012). The main function of the cardiovascular system is to deliver the transport blood to different parts of the body and in turn bring away the deoxygenated blood from the organs or the organs system to lungs where purification occurs. Blood contains dissolved oxygen and this oxygenated blood when reaches to every cell of the organs, it helps in the breakdown of ATP to release energy. Blood also contains nutrients that help in nourishing the body (Stanfield, 2012). There are three main parts of the respiratory system and these include a pair of lungs, airways and the muscles. Here the airways consists of mouth, a pair of nose, larynx, pharynx, trachea, bronchi and bodys exterior part. The pair of lungs act as the main functional unit of the respiratory system. It performs exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the body and the exterior environment. The muscles of the respiration are diaphragm and inter-coastal muscles. They act together to aid lungs in pumping and pushing the air both inside and outside of the body via inflation and deflation (Stanfield, 2012). The bodys oxygen transport system carries the oxygenated blood throughout the body via the circulatory system. This circulatory system in exchange of the oxygenated blood, brings out the deoxygenated blood from the organs to the lungs or the respiratory system. While at lungs, the deoxygenated blood gets purified via the exchanging carbon dioxide with oxygen. This exchange is done via respiratory system (Stanfield, 2012). Respiratory system undergoes several physiological, anatomical and immunological changes. The structural change includes change in the structure of the cell wall along with the thoracic deformity that impairs the overall breathing process leading to laboured breathing. The parenchyma cell of the lungs also loses its structure with the decrease in muscle strength, leading to dilation of air spaces. Aging is also associated with a degenerative change in the cardiovascular system. Aging causes a progressive increase hypertonic increase in the thickness in the wall of the left ventricle. This increases cardiac overload followed by age-associated arterial dilation and gradual loss of vascular compliance and peripheral resistance (Stanfield, 2012). Angina pectoris is disease of heart caused by the myocardial ischemia resulting out of imbalance between oxygen demand and myocardial blood supply. The main symptoms include retrosternal discomfort in chest characterised by pressure, heaviness, burning and chocking sensation. The pain is localised mainly in the back, neck, shoulders and jaws. Emphysema is defined as an abnormal enlargement of the air spaces which are situated at the distal side of the terminal bronchioles. The condition also causes destruction of the alveolar walls. Emphysema is also popularly known as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. The main symptoms of COPD are recurrent respiratory infection along with shortness of breath, fatigue and tightness in chest (Candamourty et al., 2012). The common risk factors of emphysema are cigarette smoking which is associated with the reduction in the association rate constant of the alpha-1 antitrypsin of the lungs for neutrophil elastase. The risk factors of angina is more or less similar to emphysema and include, chewing of tobacco, active and passive smoking that causes damage of the interior walls of the arteries. Other risk factor includes high cholesterol in blood (Candamourty et al., 2012). The immediate assessment in case of John is fever control, external supply of oxygen in order improve shortness of breath along with a chest X-ray to ascertain the degree of sputum congesting the heart. The rate of the external oxygen supply will be determined only after calculation the respiratory rate and degree of oxygen saturation (Dossey et al., 2012). Other health professionals which may be involved in Johns case is a physiotherapist who will help John to excrete his green thick cough via doing special physiotherapy message over his back side of the chest. This message will help in the easy excretion of the cough and thereby clearing his chest and promoting improved breathing. Since his diet is poor, he needs a proper diet chart that can only be supplied via a nutritionist who will help John to maintain a low cholesterol diet, required for patients of COPD (Dossey et al., 2012). Artificially acquired immunity is obtained via vaccines. The process involves immunization with the help of antigen. In response to this artificially injected antigen, body will develop antibodies along with memory B-cells to fight against the recurrent infection (Owen, Punt Stranford, 2013). The endocrine structure is made up of endocrine glands. The endocrine glands secrete hormones directly into the body fluid that is blood other than through ducts. like hypothalamus, pituitary, parathyroid, reproductive organs (testes and ovaries), adrenal glands and pineal gland. Pancreas though not a gland is also included with within the endocrine system. This organ helps in secretion of hormone like insulin (Stanfield, 2012). The glands of the endocrine system produce hormones, which are regarded as the chemical messenger the control and co-ordinated the activity of the cells and the organs along with promotion of sexual development. Other functions of hormones include metabolism and growth (Stanfield, 2012). Position of the Pituitary Gland Name of the hormones Function of the hormones Anterior Pituitary Somatotropic Hormone (STH) It is an anabolic hormone that promotes muscle and skeletal growth Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) It promotes growth and development of the thyroid gland Adrenocorticotropic hormone Stimulates adrenal cortex to release cortico steroid hormones Gonadotrophic hormone (Follicle Stimulating Hormone and Luteinizing Hormone) Regulates the growth and the function of the sexual organs or gonads Prolactin Promotes production of milk Posterior Pituitary Oxytocin Promotes uterine contraction that trigger labour pain during pregnancy, at the time of child birth Antidiuretic hormone Helps in renal reabsorption Table: Classification of Pituitary Hormones (Source: Stanfield, 2012) 3.Graves disease is the major outcome of the hyperthyroidism. It occurs mostly in the genetically predisposed population. Autoimmune problem is the driving force behind the disease. The Immunoglobulin of the patients who are suffering from graves disease show increase in the number of the thyroid-targeted activities that increases in the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). This increases stimulation of TSH is related to the interaction of immunoglobulin G (IgG) with the TSH receptors. This constant secretion of TSH increases the level of thyroid hormone in blood (T3 T4) leading to hyperthyroidism or Graves disease (Owen, Punt Stranford, 2013). The risk factor of Graves disease include genetic pre-disposition, family history of auto-immune disease, increased intake of iodine, increase level of stress, unwanted use of sex steroid hormones and uncontrolled smoking (Stanfield, 2012). Isabella is suffering from Hypothyroidism or graves disease. Isabellas blood produces auto-antibodies which binds to the receptor of TSH while mimicking the function of TSH. This activates adenylate cyclise and results in unregulated synthesis of thyroid hormones, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). It is due to this condition that Isabellas TSH concentration is within the normal limit while high concentration of T3 and T4. Unlike TSH, auto-antibodies are not regulated via negative feedback mechanism and thus they continuously stimulate thyroid hormone (Stanfield, 2012). Hence they are also known as long-acting thyroid stimulating antibodies (LATS) (Owen, Punt Stranford, 2013). The main structure of the digestive system includes stomach, gall bladder, pancreas, liver, large intestine (colon), small intestine. Other associated structures include salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, rectum and mouth (Stanfield, 2012). The alimentary canal or the digestive system functions via channelizing food through the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The process of digestion starts in mouth with the help f the salivary glands and chewing and ends in the small intestine. Food during its passage through the GI tract, gets mixed with the digestive juices, helping the large food molecules to break down into smaller counter parts (Stanfield, 2012). Immune system is a versatile defence system that protects animals from the invading micro-organisms that are pathogenic in nature. Immune system is divided into two parts, innate and adaptive immunity. Innate immunity provides preliminary line of defence against infection. It is regarded as inborn immunity that is majorly acquired from the maternal antibodies. Adaptive immunity develops during the course of life and is stronger than innate immunity as it has memory response to combat recurrent infection (Owen, Punt Stranford, 2013). Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disease that is mediated by a class of blocking auto antibodies. A patient suffering from Myasthenia gravis produces auto-antibodies that bind with the acetylcholine receptors. This trigger complement mediated lyses of the cells. Cell lyses weakens the skeletal muscles. In extreme cases the auto antibodies destroys the cell bearing those receptors resulting in complete loss of the signalling (Owen, Punt Stranford, 2013). Interventions Rationale Administration of thyroid hormone antagonist It will help to prepare patients for the surgery Administration of non-selective beta blockers (propranolol) Helps in the reduction of the thyrotoxic effects and also blocks the synthesis of thyroid hormones and also blocks the peripheral conversion of T4 to T3. Table: Nursing plan for Hyperthyroidism (Source: Smallridge et al., 2014) Dietician: Isabella since running on high thyroid hormones and loos in weight, she needs a diabetic chart from better management of the insulin hormone secretion and regulation of thyroid hormones (American Diabetes Association, 2013). Ophthalmologist: High thyroid hormones (T3 and T4) in the blood affect the eye, creating vision problem and hence a thorough check up of ophthalmologist is must (American Diabetes Association, 2013). Nephrologists: Increase in the concentration of the thyroid hormones in blood affects the renal development and physiology negatively. Thyroid hormones are attributed to have a pre-renal and intrinsic renal affect and this increase the renal blood flow along with the glomerular filtration rate. Hence, multidisciplinary health care team of Isebella must contain a nephrologist in order to side-pass associated renal complications (Basu Mohapatra, 2012). Nervous system has three basic function and these are sensory function, interpretative function and motor function. The role of sensory function is to gather information from both the internal and external environment. The collected information is then transported by the nerves into the central nervous system (CNS). The motor nerves collect in the information from the muscle cells and convey the information to the CNS (Stanfield, 2012). Multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory disease mediated by immune response that attacks the central nervous system via destroying the myelin sheet and the axon terminal. Pathological hallmark of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) inflammatory plaques arising out of the demyelination with in the Central Nervous System (CNS). The inflammation in the MS is not restricted to the white matter of the CNS. It also occurs in the region, which has high synaptic density like cerebral cortex (Owen, Punt Stranford, 2013). Inflammation arising out of the MS contributes to visual loss as and this goes in sync with the symptoms of Daisy who reports blurred vision. Inflammation also contributes towards the neurological deficit via modifying the characteristics of the gilial cells like microglia and astrocytes. Here the astrocytes are believed to be important in regulating several factors in brain. The modification in the astrocytes affects the memory function and leading to frequent loss of memory in case of Daisy. Demyelination of neurons causes loss of the signal transduction from the neurons and this loss of the transmission of the nerve impulses from one axon terminal to another leads to a burning sensation, which ultimately creates numbness in leg. Here Daisy is experiencing bilateral numbness in both of her leg, arising out of the demyelination of MS (Goldenberg, 2012). The main structural parts of the urinary system include a pair of kidneys, ureter, bladder and urethra. Kidneys are bean-shaped organs that are located on the back side of the abdominal wall, just behind the peritoneum. The right hand side kidney is located slightly lower than the left hand side kidney in order to accommodate liver. Ureters are long and thin tube shaped organs, which are made up of smooth muscles. Contraction of smooth muscles, push the urine down the ureters and the bladder. The female urethra is shorter than the male urethra (Stanfield, 2012). In the domain of anatomy and medicine, the special senses are defined as those senses that have some specialized organs devoted for them like vision (a pair of eyes), hearing and maintenance of body balance (a pair of ears), smell or odorant sense (nose) taste (tongue). The information from the special senses is carried via special somatic afferents and visceral afferents. Touch is also a special sense also known as somatic sense but it does not have specialized organ, apart from skin (Stanfield, 2012). Vision: Vision is the first sign of the disease manifestation in MS. It occurs due to the inflammation occurring in the optic nerves, a condition known as optic neuritis. Hearing: Problem with hearing is pretty much rare in case of patient with MS. Problem generally arise from the inflammation or scarring centering the auditory nerves as it enters inside the brain stem. Taste: MS significantly affects the taste buds. The lesions that appears in large section on the frontal side of the brain and on the temporal lobe of the brain cause loss of taste in the taste buds. Smell: 45% of the patient suffering from MS, witness the symptom of loss of smell. It occurs due to the reduction of the olfactory bulb (the region specific in the brain that is responsible for detecting smell) and grey matter. This reduction in grey matter then leads to loss in memory. Touch: The symptoms affecting the touch senses may be mild or severe. The symptoms are exacerbated via fatigue or heat (Stanfield, 2012). A person who has lost his or her teeth either partially or completely is known as edentulous or edentate. Organisms that are completely devoid of teeth are also classified under edentulous like sloths and anteaters. Organisms who have not lost any teeth is known as dentate (Pettersson et al., 2012). Multiple sclerosis and periodontal disease both have inflammatory origin and thus is inter-related. In case of MS, due to difficulty in nerves, patients fail to observe through dental hygiene, which further aggravates the dental problem (Elemek Almas, 2013). In case of Daisy, problem in the nerve endings arising out of the MS, is resulting in jaw pain. Nature of complications Assessment Interventions Difficulty in walking Manual test of the muscle 6 minutes walk Gait analysis along with functional gait assessment and dynamic gait assessment Proper gait assistive device and gait training Behavioral and environmental modifications Poor body balance with a risk of fall Manual test of the muscle Strength training along with behavioral modification The treatment of the dental problems as experienced by Daisy should be done by a professional dental hygienists or a dentist. Here the dentist will take care of Daisy's jaw pain via assisting her in maintaining proper dental hygiene and thereby preventing periodontal disease (Elemek Almas, 2013). Daisy also needs a daily assistance from a trained registered nurse in order to carry out her daily activities. She is experiencing bilateral numbness in both her feet along with blurred vision and here a constant assistance of a nurse is must for her. References American Diabetes Association. (2013). Executive summary: Standards of medical care in diabetes2013.Diabetes care,36(Supplement 1), S4-S10. Basu, G., Mohapatra, A. (2012). Interactions between thyroid disorders and kidney disease.Indian journal of endocrinology and metabolism,16(2), 204. Candamourty, R., Venkatachalam, S., Babu, M. R., Kumar, G. S. (2012). Ludwig's AnginaAn emergency: A case report with literature review.Journal of natural science, biology, and medicine,3(2), 206. Dossey, B. M., Certificate, C. D. I. N. C., Keegan, L., Co-Director International Nurse Coach Association. (2012).Holistic nursing. Jones Bartlett Publishers. Elemek, E., Almas, K. (2013). Multiple sclerosis and oral health: an update.The New York state dental journal,79(3), 16-21. Goldenberg, M. M. (2012). Multiple sclerosis review.Pharmacy and Therapeutics,37(3), 175. Karampampa, K., Gustavsson, A., Miltenburger, C., Kindundu, C. M., Selchen, D. H. (2012). Treatment experience, burden, and unmet needs (TRIBUNE) in multiple sclerosis study: the costs and utilities of MS patients in Canada.J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol,19(1), 11-25. Kravets, I. (2016). Hyperthyroidism: Diagnosis and Treatment.American family physician,93(5). Owen, J. A., Punt, J., Stranford, S. A. (2013).Kuby immunology(pp. 427-444). New York: WH Freeman. Pettersson, A., Komiyama, A., Hultin, M., Nsstrm, K., Klinge, B. (2012). Accuracy of virtually planned and template guided implant surgery on edentate patients.Clinical implant dentistry and related research,14(4), 527-537. Smallridge, R. C., Ain, K. B., Asa, S. L., Bible, K. C., Brierley, J. D., Burman, K. D., ... Shah, M. H. (2012). American Thyroid Association guidelines for management of patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer.Thyroid,22(11), 1104-1139. Stanfield, C. L. (2012).Principles of human physiology. Pearson Higher Ed.
Tuesday, April 14, 2020
This personal essay was written for my English class on a memorable past experience. A day in a Cave in the Rocky Mountains. By deprogram The soft morning breeze blew over the peaks and through the tall fragrant evergreen forest. Just outside the small mountain town of Idaho Springs, Colorado on a warm meld-summer morning back In 1991 1 stood on my porch watching the wildlife busily starting the day. I stepped back Into my little trailer house and picked up the land line and dialed the Hunt brothers number. Dan picked up the phone with a cheery Hello. Hey bud I said, are you and Devon ready to head out on this weeks plunking adventure? He laughed loudly and replied Weve been waiting for you. Lets go. Okay, I stated l will meet you two at the bottom of the hill in fifteen minuets and we hung up. I got my things together and hustled out the front door. We will write a custom essay sample on This personal essay was written for my english class or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page I heard barking up the hill behind the house and called Coda come. And my four- legged Chow-mix buddy came charging down the hill full of vibrancy and Joy. Coda and I walked on down the road and met up with Dan and Devon at a clearing on the other side of Clear Creek, which was the local river that eventually furnished the Coors brewery in Golden.The four of us headed up the hill through a valley to a tailing pile that laid in front of the entrance that awaited us. The entrance beckoned our arrival with a musty damp scent from years of still life In darkness. We had explored this mine a few times before and found It to be the biggest one accessible to adventurers like us needing to fulfill our desire of adrenalin brought on by the many aspects of danger that lie within. Coda led the way and I carefully ducted through the low overhead opening of rock and stone that was the entry to the bowels of this mountain.The feeling of the cool damp air on my exposed skin ran a shiver down my spine as I moved forward leaving the morning sun and safety of the outside world behind. The sound of crushed rocks under our feet echoed off the solid stone walls stretching far Into the distance before fading away In silence. After about 200 feet the passageway turned to the left and the day light from the outside was lost. With the flick of a switch my three-cell Magma-Light broke the darkness and the sparkle of mica and pyrite reflected off the narrow walls and ceiling.In previous Journeys through this mine we had found and traveled several bevels and what s eemed like miles of tunnels. Coda was leading the way and every once In awhile I would call him, Coda come. And a moment later his soft brown eyes would reflect in the glow of our flashlights. After about 30 minutes of travel we came to the main shaft that led to the upper levels, It was about fifteen feet in diameter and had an old wooden ladder on the left side with its rugs full of crushed rock from years of deterioration and on the right side was a then taken out of the mine.We decided to take a water and smoke break here and sat ourselves down on the cool rocky floor in a small circle. Dan pulled out the water bottle, took a drink and passed it around while following our traditions I lit a candle and placed it in the middle of our circle. Devon then pulled out a Joint and Dawns Big- lighter flicked as he lit up the Joint and we passed it around heightening our experience with the mind altering effects of natures own. We absorbed the stillness hearing only our own breathing and the rustle of Codas feet inv estigating the tunnel around the next corner ahead. It wasnt long and I became aware that I could no longer hear the noises of Coda up ahead. I called out is name, Coda waited a moment for the sound of his paws coming down the tunnel but in return all we heard was the sound of a few stones falling and a splash. We all looked at each other in the glimmer of the candle light with the same thought. Ahead in that tunnel there was a large hole in the stone floor going down too far to see with a light.It was one of the few spots we had not ventured yet because on a previous tunnel quest we had tossed some rocks down and after watching them bounce their way down beyond the reach of the lights we heard the splash of water from below. The light of the candle was overwhelmed then extinguished as our flashlights came to life and we moved toward the hole to a lower UN-traveled existence. I called for Coda again after we rounded the second corner where the cavern opened up wider, about twenty feet wide by ten feet high and there was merely a two f oot wide ledge that gave access to the tunnel ahead. The rest of the ground gave way to what looked liked the throat of Hell ready to swallow its victims. What I feared was true and we could hear from below the whimpering of a scared friend. I shined my light down the hole and to my hearts content I could see the mall figure of Coda Just at the last reach of my light. Behind me I heard the sound of a zipper as Devon got into the back-pack and pulled out a rope that was always kept in our survival bag. One end of the rope was tossed to Dan and he quickly tied it to one of the ore car tracks running along the floor.We all knew that this time in this mine we would see what lied beyond our view. Devon tossed the other end down the shaft and when it reached Coda he tried to catch it like a bone, 101. I called down to Coda to ensure him I was on my way down. Then I grabbed the rope in my hands turned round and began a decent down the hole as Dan shown his light below me so I could see where I was stepping. After the first hundred feet the degree of decent decreased and I was able to release one hand off the rope without slipping down to join Coda.I turned my light back on and shown it in Codas direction and another 30 feet away he was excitingly hopping up and down like a lottery winner. I moved closer towards him and when I reached the 3 foot ledge that kept him at bay from jumping on me I hopped down and praised, and cuddled him in a loving nurturing way You are such a brave dog I told him. K but I would need some help getting Coda back up. Devon started carefully back stepping down the shaft and I decided I would take a quick look around. This was the level we never seen so no since in wasting the trip. The tunnel was about three feet wide by six foot tall. The walls were very damp and the splash we heard was a stream of orange rusty water running right down the middle of the floor. Devon reached the bottom and I directed his attention toward the liquid rust flowing on the floor and the view of the unexplored tunnels in both directions. Our thoughts were on the same tat as usual and we called up to Dan telling him to grab the bag, he had to see this!Upon his arrival we made a mutual decision to travel to the right, the direction the flow was coming from. We followed the flow about 70 feet till the tunnel ended abruptly. The sight at the end was something we had never seen before. The whole back wall was covered with an orange, brown and black buildup that looked like it was oozing out of the wall. From the ceiling there were stalagmites of iron rust hanging down, some of them all the way to the floor. Water dripped from the ends of ACH of them and a stream came from out of the wall and flowed evenly over the rusty buildup there.We took a couple pictures of this unique and different scene that was in front of us. We poked around there for a few and turned down the other way to see where this flow of water was headed. As we passed our rope leading back up the shaft the flow path of water widened on the cavern floor gradually from the 12 inches to 18 inches and 50 feet further it covered the entire floor. We stood there a moment looking down at our boots submerged in the water past our toes. The decline was gradual and within another 100 feet the water was up to our ankles and rising.Coda stayed behind not wanting to get in the water, and 50 feet further we were knee deep in water. Again we all thought the same and decided that we wouldnt go any further with out our inflatable raft and it was time to conclude our adventure and return ourselves to the reality of the outside world and allow the sun to shine upon our skin again. When we got back to the rope and Coda was anxiously waiting to get out so we daisy chained our way back up the shaft, pushing and pulling on him till we crested the top ND pulled our little friend over the edge.After a short rest and the re-coiling of the rope I led the way back toward the outside world. We halted at the main shaft going to the upper levels were there was another opening on the side of the mountain but with careful consideration the decision was made that we had had enough adventure for one day and we should Just head out the way w e came. Around the last bend the afternoon sun burst into view and Coda was making a break for it. I stepped out into the hot afternoon sun and looked to the clear blue sky. I thanked God for keeping us al safe one more time.When Dan and Devon came out we headed down the hillside trailing behind Coda till he spotted a rabbit and took off after it. We never made it back down to that lower level to sail forward and see where it led because soon after that trip something happened in that cave and the county department had blocked off both entrances and posted no trespassing signs on them. Its been awhile now since Ive made the opportunity to travel back to that community and indulge in a again someday soon, I will make the time to experience that thrill again.
Thursday, March 12, 2020
Human observation Essays - Philosophical Realism, Free Essays Human understands the world based on observation and imagination. Human get knowledge based on observation, and human get information to get knowledge based on imagination. Observation give human a thought that what an event is for, while imagination give a thought how an event exist. Realism events is important to understand the world path; however, anti-realism is the more general theory of knowledge and reality. According to realism, an unmeasured space-time event has intrinsic properties and is complete determined. It means if it happens again, its behavior should be as same as its previous appearance. However, it could behave as same as or different from its previous appearance. For example, lightning is a realistic thing, but its material that is called electron is not real. Physic scientists try to study lightning and predict its hitting position, but they cant get it right. Lightning is made from electrons flow, and electrons behavior isnt determined completely. To understand lightning behavior, scientists have to fully understand electron behavior which is difficult to observe. Therefore, anti-realism events can be used to explain realism events more clearly. Realism events are helpful to verify our thoughts; however, anti-realism events help us to have new thoughts to understand more about realism events. For example, if Newton believed the apply fell by itself, the world didnt have any airplane or spaceship now. To explain and predict future events, realism events use their past and relative events which can go to nowhere. That means if scientists get to a wall, they have to turn back and find any existed way to go through the wall rather than thinking a new way. I believe nothing is impossible if we think out of our boxes which are our knowledge, and it was lucky for us that Newton didnt think in his box. Indeed, the world path is still far from the current human knowledge, and anti-realism events help us to get more clear views about it. Realism events can be a good tool to verify anti-realism events and take us close to the world path. If one of them isnt used, it will be human extinction.
Monday, February 24, 2020
Reflections - Assignment Example There are also other researches that have been recommended to be conducted in future about all the topics learned in the lecture. However, the lecture is quite wide thus lack of concentration could lead to an individual failing in the entire lecture. There are four projects that are presented in the transportation engineering lecture. The first one is travel behaviors that investigate the behaviors that individuals undertake in the course of their travelling. The second one is SUT RN, automated cars and finally in food deserts. Automated cars make it easier for individuals to drive than the manual cars. One of the engineering projects that I found interesting is automated cars. This topic is interesting since I was able to learn more about this self driving car. It is capable of fulfilling the capabilities of a manual car. I was interested in learning that this car is able to sense the surrounding environment and navigate without any human input. Overall, the lecture was an interesting one to learn. I was able to know new things and understand what happens in transportation engineering. The lecturer was able to ensure that all students understood what was being taught. In addition, the lecturer made the lecture more fun by ensuring that all students were thoroughly